How to Use 1 Dollar's Worth of Compressed Air,
When 1000 cubic feet of air is jammed into a 1 cubic foot space, a large amount of heat is developed, compression causes the release of enormous amounts of heat from the matter in the air being compressed, in order to take advantage of this attribute of air compression, which is free, the heated air generated from the Sunís energy previously stored in the air surrounding the planet must be retained in the compressed air storage tank.
The captured heat of compression, at high pressure, can be used to lessen the effect of cooling when released into an air-motor. If too much cooling takes place when moisture is present, freezing and clogging directly affect air-motor efficiency.
The heat of compression, when conserved, captured, and considered to be a vital component of compressed air, can be turned into such a profit as to afford an apparent paradox. It is "heresy" to assert that it is possible to get as much power out of a machine as put into it ó this means a frictionless and waste-less mechanism. And yet, a very near approach to this condition seems to occur in the case of compressed air. Because of the comprehension of the vast amount of heat energy being wasted during the standard air compression cycle, and the obvious benefits of adding just a small amount of additional heat energy to compressed air, the present state of the technology employed to produce compressed air for useful work, must be reassessed.
In the standard, accepted, and rigidly followed dogma taught to modern engineers, the process of air compression goes something like this:
A type of compressor pump that performs the work of compression can be a multi-stage (i.e., four-stage) compressor. In a four-stage compressor, the air is:
Thus the compressed air pressure is increased to a desired working pressure while the compressed air temperature is controlled to remain as close to ambient air temperature as possible, wasting vast amounts of the Sunís heat energy that could be used to perform useful work.
If the air is used in this cooled condition, deprived of all of the heat energy that could have been captured and deposited in the compressed air storage tank, a large share of the power that could be harvested from the Sunís heat energy stored in the atmosphere, and the heat energy required to operate the engine or electric motor powering the compressor pump, would all be lost (WASTED). As already noted, cooled compressed air will have a tendency to freeze everything through which it passes on route to perform useful work. If, however, as the compressed air is released, it retains the heat of compression along with what heat that can be captured from the energy supplied to operate the compressor pump, the compressed air will, under the well-known properties of air, enormously expand. In actual practice it has been found possible to add, by heating the compressed air with the captured "heat of compression," one horse-power to each horsepower developed by compression, at one-eighth or one-tenth the original cost of the act of compression.
In other words, if it costs a dollar to generate a given quantity of compressed air, the further expenditure of ten cents to:
1. add the heat of compression, and
2. as much of the heat that can be captured from the energy supplied to the machine powering the compressor pump,
the added heat energy will double the power of the compressed air in the storage tank to do work. (Coefficient of Performance [COP] 200%).
Over one hundred years ago, 1896, the above knowledge about the attributes of compressed air and the heat energy generated during the act of compression was revealed to everyone by Harperís Weekly, an American political magazine based in New York City.
Also, by obtaining volatile gas on-demand, from water, additional heat can be supplied to the air tank compressed air to further enhance the amount of work energy that can be made available to perform useful work. Using volatile gas obtained from water electrolysis is actually a more abundant and renewable source of heat energy than any petroleum fuel used to make heat.
Additionally, by employing the power of vacuum, the air compressed in the air tank can be used to re-fill the compressed air tank with fresh ďfree airĒ from the atmosphere.
Comprehension of the efficacy of compressed air and how to harvest as much of the Sunís heat energy that the act of compression is making available to perform useful work, must be made widely known.