[updated 20-NOV-2010]    

ENERGY IN THE AIR!

Observation of facts “hidden in plain sight.”

 

Introduction:

  For the first time, your eyes will be opened to the reality of a staggering, and well orchestrated, misdirection.

  All of our lives we have been programmed with the false information that our energy requirements were being supplied, almost totally, by petroleum fuels used in engines and boilers.

  This purposefully promoted misconception will be destroyed upon comprehension of the reality of the following analysis.

  The conception that all of the mechanical power required to drive the rotor on an electrical generator is derived from the thermal energy content of petroleum fuels is a false conception, and a purposeful misrepresentation of the reality of the facts of physics.

  All of the facts have not been disclosed — until now.

(1) Purpose:

  This analysis will show that it is impossible for the specified amount of Diesel petroleum fuel, alone,  to provide the required constant flow of thermal energy input to an engine-generator set to enable production of usable work energy from the generator. In this analysis – diesel fuel is supplied to an internal combustion engine (ICE). If all of the thermal energy required to produce the measured output thermal energy does not come from the supplied diesel fuel, the only other logical source for the required thermal energy has to be the AIR!

  By observation of the ratio between the petroleum fuel energy input over a 1-hour period, it can be proven that the energy required to produce sustained and continuous engine work energy crank shaft output must be supplied from some source other than the petroleum fuel.

(2) Work energy producing system used in this analysis.

  Kubota, V-1505-BG, 12,000 Watt, Diesel Engine-Generator Set.

20 HP/1800 RPM Max Output, 1500 cc, Water Cooled, 4-Stroke, 4-Cyl.

22-Hour Run Time @ 100% Power, (12 kW Continuous Load), 20 HP, 1.136 gal/hr.

    25 Gallon Fuel Storage Tank w/Gauge.

 

(3)

TYPICAL ENGINE-GENERATOR SET

 typical.genset.gif

 

 

 

A COOLING RADIATOR/FAN

B MUFFLER

C AIR INTAKE/FILTER

D DIESEL ENGINE

E ENG-GEN COUPLING

F ELECTRIC GENERATOR

G ELECTRIC CONTROLS

H BASE

 

(4) Relevant Specifications

  The genset will produce 12,000 Watts electrical output continuous load.

  Continuous 12kW output for 22 hours consuming 25 gallons of Diesel fuel.

  25 gallons of diesel will be “metered” to the engine at the supply rate of 1.136 gallons per hour for 22 hours at 100% rated power @ 1800 RPM.

  This analysis is based upon the engine-generator set operation @ 100% continuous electrical power output of 12 kW.

(5a) Supplied Diesel Fuel Energy

  1 gallon = 128 oz.

  1 hour fuel consumption 25 gal รท 22 = 1.136 gal

  1.136 gallons = 145.4 oz. (128 x 1.136 = 145.4 oz)

fuel use rate = 145.4 oz in 1 hour

         
Units of energy
SI unit of energy is the joule.
In addition to the joule, other units of energy include:
  kilowatt hour (kWh)
British thermal unit (Btu).

1 BTU is the amount of energy that will raise 1 pound of water 1  degree Fahrenheit from a start temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit at 0 PSIG.  (1 lb water = 1 pint in volume).

One kWh is equivalent to exactly 3.6 million joules
One Btu is equivalent to about 1055 joules.

 

(5b) Energy Equivalence Conversions
   1 gal Diesel = 138,700 BTUs
 

The exact energy content values for petroleum fuels will vary depending on (1) the reporter, (2) the quality of the fuel and (3) in some cases the pressure.

   1.136 gal Diesel = 157,563 BTUs
   157,563 BTUs are metered to the 4-cyl engine over a period of 1 hour

(BTUs of thermal energy supplied by the Diesel fuel to the 4-cyl engine over a 1 hour period at 100% engine output power.)

   At any one time, there are ~ 44 BTUs (~ 11 BTUs per cylinder) of thermal energy being continuously supplied by the Diesel fuel to the 4-cyl engine over a period of 1 hour with the engine operating at 100% mechanical power output; ~ 20 horsepower.
   In other words, ~ 44 BTUs, continuously supplied to the 4-cylinders of the engine (~ 11 BTUs per cylinder), is converted to 20 horsepower mechanical.

(6) Energy-to-Power-to-Energy Conversion

  In this analysis, pursuant to the manufacturer’s (Kubota) specifications, this genset continuously consumes .04 ounces (~ 44 BTUs) of Diesel fuel over the period of 1 hour, as it is supplied to the engine to support combustion for mechanical horsepower required to operate the generator at 100% continuous electrical output power measured as 12,000 Watts, which will be converted to heat energy measured in BTUs.

   The electricity generator continuously supplies 12000 watts of electrical power to 12 each 1000-Watt heaters, each of which convert the electric power into heat energy equivalent of ~ 293 BTUs.

    12 heaters x 293 BTUs = 3516 BTUs.

 .04 ounces (~ 44 BTUs) of Diesel fuel INPUT = 3516 BTUs OUTPUT?

 

    Something is going on in the conversion process requiring further analysis.

 

(7) Question

    Where does the additional thermal energy input to the engine come from?

    Only two (2) things are ingested into the engine . . .

     (1)  Diesel Fuel (#2 Fuel Oil)

     (2)  Air

 

(8a) Facts

  The engine must produce torque horsepower (HP) greater than 16 HP to maintain rotation of the generator rotor which the load is trying to stop with a Counter-Electro-Motive-Force (back-EMF) resistance of 16 HP continuously while the 12 each electric heaters are in operation. (3516 BTUs heat being generated at all times).

  The .04 ounces of Diesel fuel which injects a temperature equal to ~ 44 BTUs into the engine continuously over the period of 1 hour, will NOT keep the engine operating against back-EMF generated by the production load of 3516 BTUs, (requiring 12kW electric power, which is roughly equivalent to a mechanical resistance load of 16 horsepower).

  If the back-EMF resistance load coupled to the engine crank shaft, exceeds the mechanical horsepower being developed by the engine, which exceeds the engine’s supplied horsepower, the back-EMF will lock the rotor of the generator, which, in turn, will stall or stop the engine.

 

(8b) Facts

  Since the Conservation of Energy Law mandates that the energy input to the genset must be equal to or exceed the energy output, energy MUST be going into the genset from a source OTHER THAN the small amount of Diesel fuel metered into the engine by the fuel delivery system.

(The Diesel fuel is only delivering the thermal energy equivalent of a continuous supply of ~ 44 BTUs of energy to the engine.

 

(8c) Facts

  The only other “thing” ingested into the engine that could possibly provide the required energy input is AIR.

  At 1800 RPM the Kubota engine ingests ~ 41 ft3 of air per minute,
~ 0.683 ft3/sec, [322.34 cc/cyl, 15 times per second].

  4-cyl, 4-stroke, 20 HP @ 1800 RPM, 100% (12 kW) generator output.

 

(9) Conclusion

  The air is supplying an energy input in excess of ~ 5,000 BTUs, plus the efficiency losses.  (test measurements under actual dynamic conditions would produce a more precise data set).

(5,000 BTUs – 44 BTUs = 4,956 BTUs).
(12 heaters generating ~ 3,516 BTUs).

Most of the energy we use to “power” our lives comes from the AIR!

  The Earth is surrounded by 5.5 Quadrillion Tons of AIR!

Every time we take the heat energy out of the AIR, the SUN replenishes the AIR with heat energy, FOR FREE!

 

Size comparison of the energy "vehicles" supplying energy to the Kubota engine.

 

 

This comparison between the amount of fuel and AIR ingested into an engine is not standard information brought to the attention of those interested in finding and exploiting new energy resources.  AIR is CHEAP!  AIR IS FREE!

This much AIR, by volume, is

continuously ingested into the engine

 

0.683 ft3, by volume,

is equal to ~1180 in3

10.567" cubed = 1180 in3

 

0.04 oz takes up a volume of 0.0674 in3
This is how much Diesel fuel is continuously metered into the engine
Compare the obviously minuscule volume of Diesel fuel to the huge volume of AIR. 

 

By proportion, much more energy is delivered to the engine by the AIR

   

 

 

 

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